Stream of Consciousness - Definition and Examples | LitCharts

 

stream of consciousness technique in literature

Virginia Woolf. Oct 14,  · The phrase ‘stream of consciousness’ as a literary technique was first used by William James and become widely adopted as a term of art in literary criticism during the twentieth century, especially of the novels of Virginia Woolf Dorothy Richardson, or James Joyce, among others. Stream of consciousness, narrative technique in nondramatic fiction intended to render the flow of myriad impressions—visual, auditory, physical, associative, and subliminal—that impinge on the consciousness of an individual and form part of his awareness along with the trend of his rational.


Stream of consciousness - Wikipedia


In literary criticismstream of consciousness is a narrative mode or method that attempts "to depict the multitudinous thoughts and feelings which pass through the mind" of a narrator. In the novelist May Sinclair — first applied the term stream of consciousness, in a literary context, when discussing Dorothy Richardson 's — novels.

Pointed Roofsthe first work in Richardson's series of 13 semi-autobiographical novels titled Pilgrimage[3] is the first complete stream of consciousness novel published in English. Stream of consciousness is a narrative device that attempts to give the written equivalent of the character's thought processeseither in a loose interior monologue see belowor in connection to his or her actions.

Stream of consciousness writing is usually regarded as a special form of interior monologue and is characterized by associative leaps in thought and lack of some or all punctuation. In stream of consciousness the speaker's thought processes are more often depicted as overheard in the mind or addressed to oneself ; it is primarily a fictional device. The term "stream of consciousness" was coined by philosopher and psychologist William James in The Principles of Psychology :.

A 'river' or a 'stream' are the metaphors by which it is most naturally described. In talking of it hereafter, let's call it the stream of thought, consciousness, or subjective life. In the following example of stream of consciousness from James Joyce's Ulysses stream of consciousness technique in literature, Molly seeks sleep:.

While many sources use the terms stream of consciousness and interior monologue as synonyms, the Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms suggests, that "they can also be distinguished psychologically and literarily.

While the use of the narrative technique of stream of consciousness is usually associated with modernist novelists in the first part of the twentieth-century, a number of precursors have been suggested, including Laurence Sterne 's psychological novel Tristram Shandy Clay notes that Leo Tolstoy "when the occasion requires it Indeed, James Joyce "picked up a copy of Dujardin's novel There are also those who point to Anton Chekhov 's short stories and plays [16] and Knut Hamsun 's Hungerand Mysteries as offering glimpses of the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative technique at the end of the nineteenth-century.

It has been claimed that Hamsun was way ahead of his time with the use of stream of consciousness in two chapters in particular of this novel. In that book However, it has also been argued that Arthur Schnitzlerin his short story '"Leutnant Gustl" "None but the Brave",was in fact the first to make full use of the stream of consciousness technique. But it is only in the twentieth century that this technique is fully developed by modernists. Oh, do not ask, "What is it?

Eliot, "The Lovesong of J. Alfred Prufrock" The term was first applied in a literary context in The Egoist stream of consciousness technique in literature, Aprilby May Sinclairin relation to the early volumes of Dorothy Richardson 's novel sequence Pilgrimage. Richardson, however, describes the term as an 'lamentably ill-chosen metaphor".

James Joyce was a major pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness. Some hints of this technique, are already present in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Manalong with interior monologue stream of consciousness technique in literature, and references to a character's psychic reality rather than to his external surroundings.

Earlier in Joyce, when working on Dublinersconsidered adding another story featuring a Jewish advertising canvasser called Leopold Bloom under the title Ulysses. Although he did not pursue the idea further at the time, he eventually commenced work on a novel using both the title and basic premise in The writing was completed in October Ulysses was finally published in While Ulysses represents a major example of the use of stream of consciousness Joyce also uses "authorial description" and Free Indirect Style to register Bloom's inner thoughts, stream of consciousness technique in literature.

Furthermore, the novel does not focus solely on interior experiences: "Bloom is constantly shown from all round; from inside as well as out; from a variety of points of view which range from the objective to the subjective".

Another early example is the use of interior monologue by T. Eliot in his poem " The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock "a dramatic monologue of an urban man, stricken with feelings of isolation and an incapability for decisive action," [28] a work probably influenced by the narrative poetry of Robert Browningincluding " Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister ". In theater, playwright Eugene O'Neill made use of stream-of-consciousness monologues, most extensively in his drama Strange Interludeand to a more limited stream of consciousness technique in literature in the play-cycle Mourning Becomes Elektra and in other plays.

Scottish writer James Kelman 's novels are known for mixing stream of consciousness narrative with Glaswegian vernacular. Stream of consciousness continues to appear in contemporary literature.

Dave Eggersauthor of A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Geniusaccording to one reviewer, "talks much as he writes — a forceful stream of consciousness, thoughts sprouting in all directions". The twenty-first century brought further exploration, including Jonathan Safran Foer 's Everything is Illuminated and many of the short stories of American author Brendan Connell. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from Stream of consciousness narrative mode. For other uses, see Stream of consciousness disambiguation. This article is about the literary device. For the prewriting technique, see Free writing. See also: Internal monologue. Cuddon, A Dictionary of Literary Terms. Harmondsworth, Penguin Books,pp. Waterhouse, "The Source of the Stream". The Pilgrimage of Dorothy Richardson. Univ of Wisconsin Press. Gloria G. Lexington, Kentucky: University of Kentucky,p. Chris Baldick, Oxford: Oxford U.

Harmondsworth: Penguin,p. University of California Press,fn. Spring 6. Lexington: University of Kentucky, stream of consciousness technique in literature,p.

London Review of Books. Abrams, A Glossary of Literary Terms. New York: Harcourt Brace,p, stream of consciousness technique in literature. University of Kentucky Press,p. Holman, A Handbook to Literature 7th edition. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall,p. Mrs Dalloway: Mapping Streams of Consciousness. Twayne Publishers. Journal of Beckett StudiesSpringVol. Retrieved 24 August The New YorkerMay 20, Irish Times 3 May The ObserverSunday 14 May The GuardianSaturday 12 September Chomu Press, Alternate history Backstory Dystopia Fictional location city country universe Utopia.

Irony Leitmotif Metaphor Moral Motif. Linear narrative Nonlinear narrative films television series Types of fiction with multiple endings. First-person Multiple narrators Stream of consciousness Stream of unconsciousness Unreliable Diegesis. Past Present Future, stream of consciousness technique in literature. Categories : Style fiction Narrative techniques. Hidden categories: Use dmy dates from September Namespaces Article Talk, stream of consciousness technique in literature.

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Stream of Consciousness Writing

 

stream of consciousness technique in literature

 

While many sources use the terms stream of consciousness and interior monologue as synonyms, the Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms suggests, that "they can also be distinguished psychologically and literarily. In a psychological sense, stream of consciousness is the subject‐matter, while interior monologue is the technique for presenting it". Apr 14,  · Stream of consciousness is a narrative technique that gives the impression of a mind at work, jumping from one observation, sensation, or reflection to the next seamlessly and often without conventional transitions. Stream of consciousness, narrative technique in nondramatic fiction intended to render the flow of myriad impressions—visual, auditory, physical, associative, and subliminal—that impinge on the consciousness of an individual and form part of his awareness along with the trend of his rational.