International relations - Free International Relations and Politics Essay - Essay UK

 

international relations essay

International Relations Essay Words | 11 Pages. The first paradigm of international relations is the theory of Realism. Realism is focused on ideas of self-interest and the balance of power. Realism is also divided into two categories, classical realism and neo-realism. International Relations Essays. The essays below were written by students to help you with your own studies. If you are looking for help with your essay then we offer a comprehensive writing service provided by fully qualified academics in your field of study. International relations (IR) is the study of relationships among countries, the roles of sovereign states, inter-governmental organizations (IGO), international non-governmental organizations (INGO), non-governmental organizations (NGO), and multinational corporations (MNC).


International Relations Essay Example


International Relations consist of a wide range of theories which deals with a variety of issues occurring in the politics of the world. The complexity of these issues forced scholars to develop different types of theories, each of which gives a unique international relations essay of world politics on the basis of various assumptions. Two major theories purposed by theorists are: Realism and Liberalism, international relations essay.

This essay is based primarily on comparing and contrasting these two theories. What assumptionsabout the nature of world politics are advanced by each tradition? How do these two schools of thought differ? Analyses are also done to determine which theory most accurately described the world during the Cold War era and which one most accurately describes the world we live in today.

Realism is one of the international relations essay theories which govern or dictates the behaviour of states on international platform. Realists believe that all states working on their international relations essay national interests are in endless conflict among others to attain more power and position in globe.

Most of people think that realism gained limelight in 20th century but it has its roots are linked to ancient history. The realistic theories can be easily found in Arthashastra, an Indian treatise written by Kautaliya in fourth century BC to teach politics of power and also in Chinese scriptures written by Han Fei and Shang Yang.

State has supreme power over its territory and people. As per realists states are in endless struggle of gaining power to achieve supremacy in world and protect national security, international relations essay. Another key assumption of realists is that anarchy system is prevalent strongly in the world politics.

In anarchy the states work on increasing their military power to prevent any attack on their territory. As per liberalists' economic interdependence, international institutions and global norms play a special role in international relations. At the core, liberals believe in progress. The liberalism consists of different set of assumptions. One of the main assumptions of Liberals is that the non state actors cannot international relations essay ignored in international relations.

They are important entities in global affairs, international relations essay. Liberals stress that MNCs also cannot to be overlooked as world economy is becoming interdependent day by day, international relations essay.

Liberalists also believe that behaviour of state is regulated by international relations essay decision makers, bureaucrats and various other interest groups with divergent interests and goals. Liberals promote free trade or open markets with vision that economic interdependence creates incentive to resolve the disputes peacefully. Third assumption of liberals focuses on importance of individuals in state. Liberals promote thought that the human beings should be treated as ends rather than means.

In order to achieve this liberals promote establishment of democratic government. This thought was also bought forward by Woodrow Wilson when he said "democratic government will make war less likely. Liberal school of thought originated to overcome the issues of the realism because of this there are several points of disinterest between these two schools. Liberalists strongly criticise some of the assumptions of realists.

There are five major differences between these two schools of thoughts. The realists are primarily concerned with international relations essay and security. Realists focus on survival of the vulnerable, self interested states in the environment where there are uncertainties about intentions and capabilities of other states. They focus primarily on achieving peace and harmony though rules and organizations which ultimately paves way for collective gains. Realists consider state as the most important actor on the world stage as state doesn't answers to any supreme power.

On the other hand liberalists believe that the states, international institutions and global corporations all play a critical role in international politics.

Liberals criticize the role of state as a unitary actor. In anarchy system there is no higher controlling power over and above the state.

In contrast to this liberals emphasize on complex interdependence among states. As per realists state should be self dependant and always believe in self gains which receive an extensive criticism from liberals as it doesn't satisfy their thoughts of togetherness and collective security.

Fourth, both schools of thought have different approach towards the peace, international relations essay. The realism is primarily focussed on the international relations essay preparedness and alliances where as liberalism stresses on maintaining peace and harmony.

Liberals don't give military a much importance in resolving the issues between states. Liberals believe that military is costly substitute of dealing with problems. Liberals focus on facilitating dialogue, diplomacy, peace keeping, conflict resolution and other non military means.

Liberals are also supportive of open markets, international relations essay. Critics of liberalism contend that power hungry states are unlikely to see accomplishment of international relations essay national interests through international organizations.

The followers of realist school of thought conclude that in case of international relations essay threats states will have a trust in their own power not in the promises of global institutions. S president Jimmy Carter- "It's important that we take a hard clear look Realists are known for their pessimism towards global affairs. Realists believe that each and every state of the world is participating in stern security competition, international relations essay.

States are striving for power monopoly over the other in relentless manner. Contrary to this liberals are famous for their optimism. Liberals are worshippers of cooperation among humans. They advocate progress through cooperatives measures. Both powers followed their own ideologies. Soviet Union was a communist state whereas on other hand United International relations essay was a strictly a capitalist democracy. Difference in ideologies and hunger for hegemony engulfed these two superpowers into Cold War which begun in In Kennan sent a famous telegram to Washington assessing sources of Soviet Union's Conduct which was followed later on by introduction of Truman doctrine.

The power transition at end of World War-II is considered significant cause of it. As per realists, the sense of fear developed among the superpowers and each of them tried to increase its sphere international relations essay influence. The first peak, between andinternational relations essay, was characterized by acute confrontations in central Europe, Korea and the Taiwan Straits, international relations essay.

Until late s foreign policy of Soviet Union was consistent with realist theories. Realists and non realists are always been interested in understanding how and why the conflict between Soviet Unionand USA came to an end. In the past, collapse of major super power has always been accompanied by major warfare.

The peaceful collapse of Soviet Union was mainly due to development of liberal democracies across the international relations essay. Mikhail Gorbachev was instrumental in resolving Cold War.

His liberalization of the Soviet system, sponsorship of political change in Eastern Europe, and commitment to disarmaments were catalysts of accommodation. Realist state would never make any move to reduce its sphere of influence. Withdrawal of forces from Afghanistan, end of Soviet Union's aid to Cuba also supports this argument.

Liberalism can The international relations essay on the other hand claim that there is international relations essay flaw in statement that realism has gone.

As per realists the recent US wars against Afghanistan and Iraq clearly depict that state and power play prime role in the world politics. Iraq war which wasn't justifed by United Nations, international relations essay other states and non state actors was international relations essay carried out by United States to fulfil its national interests.

United States led Iraq war to fulfil its motives of anti terrorism without caring international relations essay international organisations and prevalent global norms. Realism will continue to serve as a critical weapon for revealing interplay of national interest beneath the rhetoric of Universalist sentiments.

Behind the rhetoric of universal values, the USA has used the war to justify a wide range of policy positions that strengthen its economic and military power while undermining various multilateral agreements on the arms control, the environment, human rights and trade. Development of multipolar system will eventually led to war. These global issues strongly suggest that realism will continue to be a dominant theory in the coming years. Although there are many changes to the original idea of realism but still the core still remains that states act like individuals in acquiring power.

And the national interest of a state will still be survival and security. Kegley, Jr. World Politics: Trends and Transformation, international relations essay. Belmont: Cengage Learning, Goldstein, International Relations.

New York: HarperCollins, New York: Columbia university press,7, international relations essay. This International Relations and Politics essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. Essay UK, International relations. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:.

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International relations Introduction International Relations consist of a wide range of theories which deals with a variety of issues occurring in the politics of the world. Realism Realism is one of the major theories which govern or dictates the behaviour of states on international platform. Liberalism "Liberalismis a paradigm predicated on the hope that the application of reason and universal ethics to international relations can lead to a more orderly, just, and cooperative world; liberalism assumes that anarchy and war can be policed by institutional reforms that empower international organization and law.

Differences between Realism and Liberalism Liberal school of thought originated to overcome the issues of the realism because of this there are several points of disinterest between these two schools. Top pages:. Most popular areas:.

 

 

international relations essay

 

International relations (IR) is the study of relationships among countries, the roles of sovereign states, inter-governmental organizations (IGO), international non-governmental organizations (INGO), non-governmental organizations (NGO), and multinational corporations (MNC). International Relations Essay Words | 11 Pages. The first paradigm of international relations is the theory of Realism. Realism is focused on ideas of self-interest and the balance of power. Realism is also divided into two categories, classical realism and neo-realism. International Relations Essays. The essays below were written by students to help you with your own studies. If you are looking for help with your essay then we offer a comprehensive writing service provided by fully qualified academics in your field of study.